New Delhi, August 7, 2023 (ANI): The Digital Personal Data Protection Bill, 2023, passed in Lok Sabha on Monday. Speaking on the floor of Lok Sabha, Minister Ashwini Vaishnaw said, “The world today is discussing and praising the government’s Digital India initiative. Many countries want to implement some of these — UPI, Aadhaar – in their respective countries.”
“Villages and rural areas are getting connected with digital journey. The Bill has been introduced to give rights, provide security and privacy to the people. This Bill has been introduced after having it discussed in a series of Parliamentary committee meetings,” he added.
The Digital Personal Data Protection Bill frames out the rights and duties of the citizen (Digital Nagrik) on one hand and the Obligations to use collected data lawfully of the Data Fiduciary on the other hand.
In the last Monsoon Session, the Union government had withdrawn the Data Protection Bill with the aim of bringing a comprehensive legislature.
Union Telecom and IT minister Ashwini Vaishnaw had said that the joint parliamentary committee which went through the original draft suggested 88 amendments to a bill of 91 sections, which led the government to decide that there was “no option” but to withdraw the original Bill completely.
In November, the government brought another draft of the Digital Data Protection Bill and put it for public consultation.
The focus of the Bill is to protect internet users from online harm and create a safe and trusted digital ecosystem as India is a digital economy powerhouse to day.The reintroduced draft Digital Personal Data Protection Bill has proposed six types of penalties.
Regarding the transfer of personal data outside India, the Bill said the Central Government may, after an assessment of such factors as it may consider necessary, notify such countries or territories outside India to which a Data Fiduciary may transfer personal data, in accordance with such terms and conditions as may be specified.
In major exemption, the Central Government may, by notification, exempt from the application of provisions of this Act, the processing of personal data by any instrumentality of the State in the interests of sovereignty and integrity of India, security of the State, friendly relations with foreign States, maintenance of public order or preventing incitement to any cognizable offence.
The government said during the drafting of the Personal Data Protection Bill, 2019, the entire gamut of principles was widely debated and discussed. These include rights of individuals, duties of entities processing personal data and regulatory framework, among others. (ANI